Movement Is Life Journey

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type 2 diabetes

A. Continue My Same Habits and Risk Type 2 Diabetes

The food you eat is digested to be used as fuel. This fuel supplies energy to your body's cells. When you have type 2 diabetes, the fuel has a hard time entering most cells. This can make you feel tired, run down, and keep you in the Vicious Cycle.

Let's learn more about Type 2 Diabetes.



Source: American Diabetes Association

Digestion is how the body gets energy. Your digestive system breaks down food, resulting in a variety of nutrients, including a sugar called glucose. Some of the glucose is stored in the liver but most of it enters your bloodstream and travels to cells to be used as fuel. Glucose needs the help of a hormone made in your pancreas called insulin to open the cells. Think of insulin as a key that unlocks a doorway in the cell wall.

Diabetes is a problem with insulin. Your body may not make enough insulin. Or your cells may not respond the right way to insulin in the blood. Either way, glucose has trouble entering your cells.

High blood glucose damages your blood vessels, both large and small. Complications include heart attack, stroke, kidney damage, blindness, nerve damage, and risk of limb loss through amputation.

Diabetes is especially hard on women. It can cause difficulties during pregnancy, such as miscarriage or a baby born with defects. Women with gestational diabetes (during pregnancy) or women who have given birth to a baby weighing 9 lbs. or more are also more likely to develop type 2 diabetes later in life.

If diagnosed with diabetes, manage your blood glucose levels. By monitoring blood glucose levels, your physician can see if you are at risk and help you avoid diabetes or reduce your risk of complications if you already have the disease.

Lose excess weight and move more. Take charge of your health. No one else can manage your health but you. Design your own plan for losing weight and moving more.

Eat healthy meals every day. Different foods affect blood glucose levels. Use your plate as a visual guide to help you choose the best types and right amounts of food to ensure good nutrition:

  • Cover half your plate with vegetables and fruit.
  • Split the other half between grains and protein.
  • Choose low-fat or fat-free milk and dairy products.

If diagnosed, keep a log of your results. Bringing this record to your healthcare provider provides a good picture of your body's response to your diabetes care plan.

normal blood sugar levels chart

One in four African-American women over age 55 has diabetes. It is 33% more common in African-American women than in Caucasian women. Breaking the Vicious Cycle is one of the most important things you can do to control or prevent diabetes.

You may refer to the disease as "sugar" diabetes and think that eating sweets is how you get diabetes. In fact…

  • A diet high in fat
  • Cooking with unhealthy amounts of oil
  • Eating large amounts of foods that are considered starches such as…
    • Potatoes
    • Rice
    • Pasta
    • Bread

… all increase your risk of becoming diabetic.

infographic

You may already have diabetes. The risk of diabetes is 66% higher among Hispanics/Latinas than it is among Caucasians. However, you may be among the one in four with diabetes who do not realize that diabetes puts you at risk for heart disease. Breaking the Vicious Cycle is one of the most important things you can do to control or prevent the disease.

The amount of time you've been in the U.S. is connected to your risk for getting diabetes. Hispanics/Latinas living in the U.S. for five or fewer years don't have higher rates of diabetes. For those living in the U.S. for 10 or more years, rates begin to rise significantly.

If you feel you are at risk, think about your diet and daily routine. What am I eating …

  • Have I gained a lot of weight?
  • Do I move enough?
  • What do I need to do to reduce my risk for diabetes?

… Small steps can make a difference and reduce your risk.

risk of diabetes in Hispanics

You're on your way to solving the puzzle and breaking the Vicious Cycle. Now you know the importance of good nutrition in avoiding or living healthier with Type 2 Diabetes. If you would like to go back and follow choice B, please click here. If you are ready to move forward, let's take a look at the next piece of the puzzle by clicking on Heart Disease

heart disease
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